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Transforming growth factor-beta induces selective increase of proteoglycan production and changes in the copolymeric structure of dermatan sulphate in human skin fibroblasts

Westergren-Thorsson, Gunilla LU ; Schmidtchen, Artur LU ; Särnstrand, Bengt LU ; Fransson, Lars-Åke LU and Malmström, Anders LU (1992) In European Journal of Biochemistry 205(1). p.277-286
Abstract
Human embryonic skin fibroblasts were pretreated with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) for 6 h and then labeled with [35S]sulphate and [3H]leucine for 24 h. Radiolabeled proteoglycans from the culture medium and the cell layer were isolated and separated by isopycnic density-gradient centrifugation, followed by gel, ion-exchange and hydrophobic-interaction chromatography. The major proteoglycan species were examined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate before and after enzymatic degradation of the polysaccharide chains. The results showed that TGF-beta increased the production of several different 35S-labelled proteoglycans. A large chondroitin/dermatan sulphate proteoglycan (with core proteins of... (More)
Human embryonic skin fibroblasts were pretreated with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) for 6 h and then labeled with [35S]sulphate and [3H]leucine for 24 h. Radiolabeled proteoglycans from the culture medium and the cell layer were isolated and separated by isopycnic density-gradient centrifugation, followed by gel, ion-exchange and hydrophobic-interaction chromatography. The major proteoglycan species were examined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate before and after enzymatic degradation of the polysaccharide chains. The results showed that TGF-beta increased the production of several different 35S-labelled proteoglycans. A large chondroitin/dermatan sulphate proteoglycan (with core proteins of approximately 400-500 kDa) increased 5-7-fold and a small dermatan sulphate proteoglycan (PG-S1, also termed biglycan, with a core protein of 43 kDa) increased 3-4-fold both in the medium and in the cell layer. Only a small effect was observed on another dermatan sulphate proteoglycan, PG-S2 (also named decorin). These observations are generally in agreement with results of other studies using similar cell types. In addition, we have found that the major heparan sulphate proteoglycan of the cell layer (protein core approximately 350 kDa) was increased by TGF-beta treatment, whereas all the other smaller heparan sulphate proteoglycans with protein cores from 250 kDa to 30 kDa appeared unaffected. To investigate whether TGF-beta also influences the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chain-synthesizing machinery, we also characterized GAGs derived from proteoglycans synthesized by TGF-beta-treated cells. There was generally no increase in the size of the GAG chains. However, the dermatan sulphate chains on biglycan and decorin from TGF-beta treated cultures contained a larger proportion of D-glucuronosyl residues than those derived from untreated cultures. No effect was noted on the 4- and 6-sulphation of the GAG chains. By the use of p-nitrophenyl beta-D-xyloside (an initiator of GAG synthesis) it could be demonstrated that chain synthesis was also enhanced in TGF-beta-treated cells (approximately twofold). Furthermore, the dermatan sulphate chains synthesized on the xyloside in TGF-beta-treated fibroblasts contained a larger proportion of D-glucuronosyl residues than those of the control. These novel findings indicate that TGF-beta affects proteoglycan synthesis both quantitatively and qualitatively and that it can also change the copolymeric structure of the GAG by affecting the GAG-synthesizing machinery. Altered proteoglycan structure and production may have profound effects on the properties of extracellular matrices, which can affect cell growth and migration as well as organisation of matrix fibres. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Biochemistry
volume
205
issue
1
pages
277 - 286
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:1555588
  • scopus:0026514584
ISSN
0014-2956
DOI
10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb16778.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
717e4ead-cda5-44a8-b015-aedee76d1de0 (old id 1106759)
date added to LUP
2008-08-12 09:18:35
date last changed
2017-04-30 14:22:54
@article{717e4ead-cda5-44a8-b015-aedee76d1de0,
  abstract     = {Human embryonic skin fibroblasts were pretreated with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) for 6 h and then labeled with [35S]sulphate and [3H]leucine for 24 h. Radiolabeled proteoglycans from the culture medium and the cell layer were isolated and separated by isopycnic density-gradient centrifugation, followed by gel, ion-exchange and hydrophobic-interaction chromatography. The major proteoglycan species were examined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate before and after enzymatic degradation of the polysaccharide chains. The results showed that TGF-beta increased the production of several different 35S-labelled proteoglycans. A large chondroitin/dermatan sulphate proteoglycan (with core proteins of approximately 400-500 kDa) increased 5-7-fold and a small dermatan sulphate proteoglycan (PG-S1, also termed biglycan, with a core protein of 43 kDa) increased 3-4-fold both in the medium and in the cell layer. Only a small effect was observed on another dermatan sulphate proteoglycan, PG-S2 (also named decorin). These observations are generally in agreement with results of other studies using similar cell types. In addition, we have found that the major heparan sulphate proteoglycan of the cell layer (protein core approximately 350 kDa) was increased by TGF-beta treatment, whereas all the other smaller heparan sulphate proteoglycans with protein cores from 250 kDa to 30 kDa appeared unaffected. To investigate whether TGF-beta also influences the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chain-synthesizing machinery, we also characterized GAGs derived from proteoglycans synthesized by TGF-beta-treated cells. There was generally no increase in the size of the GAG chains. However, the dermatan sulphate chains on biglycan and decorin from TGF-beta treated cultures contained a larger proportion of D-glucuronosyl residues than those derived from untreated cultures. No effect was noted on the 4- and 6-sulphation of the GAG chains. By the use of p-nitrophenyl beta-D-xyloside (an initiator of GAG synthesis) it could be demonstrated that chain synthesis was also enhanced in TGF-beta-treated cells (approximately twofold). Furthermore, the dermatan sulphate chains synthesized on the xyloside in TGF-beta-treated fibroblasts contained a larger proportion of D-glucuronosyl residues than those of the control. These novel findings indicate that TGF-beta affects proteoglycan synthesis both quantitatively and qualitatively and that it can also change the copolymeric structure of the GAG by affecting the GAG-synthesizing machinery. Altered proteoglycan structure and production may have profound effects on the properties of extracellular matrices, which can affect cell growth and migration as well as organisation of matrix fibres.},
  author       = {Westergren-Thorsson, Gunilla and Schmidtchen, Artur and Särnstrand, Bengt and Fransson, Lars-Åke and Malmström, Anders},
  issn         = {0014-2956},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {277--286},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {European Journal of Biochemistry},
  title        = {Transforming growth factor-beta induces selective increase of proteoglycan production and changes in the copolymeric structure of dermatan sulphate in human skin fibroblasts},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb16778.x},
  volume       = {205},
  year         = {1992},
}