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Effect of commercial rye whole-meal bread on postprandial blood glucose and gastric emptying in healthy subjects

Hlebowicz, Joanna LU ; Jönsson, Jenny-Maria LU ; Lindstedt Ingemansson, Sandra LU ; Björgell, Ola LU ; Darwiche, Gassan LU and Almér, Lars-Olof LU (2009) In Nutrition Journal 8.
Abstract
Background: The intake of dietary fibre has been shown to reduce the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of commercial rye whole-meal bread containing whole kernels and white wheat bread on the rate of gastric emptying and postprandial glucose response in healthy subjects. Methods: Ten healthy subjects took part in a blinded crossover trial. Blood glucose level and gastric emptying rate (GER) were determined after the ingestion of 150 g white wheat bread or 150 g whole-meal rye bread on two different occasions after fasting overnight. The GER was measured using real-time ultrasonography, and was calculated as the percentage change in antral cross-sectional area 15 and 90 minutes after... (More)
Background: The intake of dietary fibre has been shown to reduce the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of commercial rye whole-meal bread containing whole kernels and white wheat bread on the rate of gastric emptying and postprandial glucose response in healthy subjects. Methods: Ten healthy subjects took part in a blinded crossover trial. Blood glucose level and gastric emptying rate (GER) were determined after the ingestion of 150 g white wheat bread or 150 g whole-meal rye bread on two different occasions after fasting overnight. The GER was measured using real-time ultrasonography, and was calculated as the percentage change in antral cross-sectional area 15 and 90 minutes after completing the meal. Results: No statistically significant difference was found between the GER values or the blood glucose levels following the two meals when evaluated with the Wilcoxon signed rank sum test. Conclusion: The present study revealed no difference in postprandial blood glucose response or gastric emptying after the ingestion of rye whole-meal bread compared with white wheat bread. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Nutrition Journal
volume
8
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000268341500001
  • scopus:68149087766
ISSN
1475-2891
DOI
10.1186/1475-2891-8-26
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5fdc9c96-13ac-46d9-b84f-72b064f15b61 (old id 1460432)
date added to LUP
2009-08-31 10:53:33
date last changed
2017-08-06 03:55:11
@article{5fdc9c96-13ac-46d9-b84f-72b064f15b61,
  abstract     = {Background: The intake of dietary fibre has been shown to reduce the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of commercial rye whole-meal bread containing whole kernels and white wheat bread on the rate of gastric emptying and postprandial glucose response in healthy subjects. Methods: Ten healthy subjects took part in a blinded crossover trial. Blood glucose level and gastric emptying rate (GER) were determined after the ingestion of 150 g white wheat bread or 150 g whole-meal rye bread on two different occasions after fasting overnight. The GER was measured using real-time ultrasonography, and was calculated as the percentage change in antral cross-sectional area 15 and 90 minutes after completing the meal. Results: No statistically significant difference was found between the GER values or the blood glucose levels following the two meals when evaluated with the Wilcoxon signed rank sum test. Conclusion: The present study revealed no difference in postprandial blood glucose response or gastric emptying after the ingestion of rye whole-meal bread compared with white wheat bread.},
  author       = {Hlebowicz, Joanna and Jönsson, Jenny-Maria and Lindstedt Ingemansson, Sandra and Björgell, Ola and Darwiche, Gassan and Almér, Lars-Olof},
  issn         = {1475-2891},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Nutrition Journal},
  title        = {Effect of commercial rye whole-meal bread on postprandial blood glucose and gastric emptying in healthy subjects},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-8-26},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2009},
}