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Alcohol consumption patterns, diet and body weight in 10 European countries

Sieri, S.; Krogh, V.; Saieva, C.; Grobbee, D. E.; Bergmann, M.; Rohrmann, S.; Tjonneland, A.; Ferrari, P.; Chloptsios, Y. and Dilis, V., et al. (2009) In European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 63(4s). p.81-100
Abstract
Background/objectives: Europe has the highest level of alcohol consumption in the world. As drinking patterns are important determinants of the beneficial and harmful effects of alcohol consumption, we investigated alcohol consumption in relation to nutrient intake, place of consumption, education and body weight in a sample of adults from 10 European countries. Methods: A 24-h dietary recall interview was conducted on 13 025 men and 23 009 women, aged 35-74 years, from 27 centres participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Means and standard errors of alcohol consumption, adjusted for age, were calculated, stratified by gender and centre. Results: In many centres, higher level drinkers... (More)
Background/objectives: Europe has the highest level of alcohol consumption in the world. As drinking patterns are important determinants of the beneficial and harmful effects of alcohol consumption, we investigated alcohol consumption in relation to nutrient intake, place of consumption, education and body weight in a sample of adults from 10 European countries. Methods: A 24-h dietary recall interview was conducted on 13 025 men and 23 009 women, aged 35-74 years, from 27 centres participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Means and standard errors of alcohol consumption, adjusted for age, were calculated, stratified by gender and centre. Results: In many centres, higher level drinkers (males consuming 424 g of ethanol/day, equivalent to 42 standard drinks and females consuming 412 g of ethanol/day equivalent to 41 standard drink) obtained more energy from fat and protein and less from sugar than did abstainers. The proportion of energy from starch tended to be higher for male and lower for female higher level drinkers than for abstainers. Female higher level drinkers had a lower body mass index than did abstainers, whereas male higher level drinkers generally weighed more. Male higher level drinkers were less educated than abstainers in Mediterranean countries, but were more educated elsewhere. Female higher level drinkers were usually more educated than were abstainers. Outside the home, consumption (both genders) tended to be at friends' homes, particularly among men in Northern and Central Europe, and in bars in Spain. Conclusions: This study reveals clear geographical differences in drinking habits across Europe, and shows that the characteristics of different alcohol consumption categories also vary. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2009) 63, S81-S100; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.76 (Less)
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published
subject
keywords
EPIC-Soft, 24-h dietary recall, Alcohol, EPIC, ENDB
in
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
volume
63
issue
4s
pages
81 - 100
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000271470400006
  • scopus:70450202739
ISSN
1476-5640
DOI
10.1038/ejcn.2009.76
language
English
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yes
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9d09f625-a8e2-4e5b-a3ea-cba147fff30c (old id 1520383)
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2009-12-28 10:03:31
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2017-08-27 04:44:32
@article{9d09f625-a8e2-4e5b-a3ea-cba147fff30c,
  abstract     = {Background/objectives: Europe has the highest level of alcohol consumption in the world. As drinking patterns are important determinants of the beneficial and harmful effects of alcohol consumption, we investigated alcohol consumption in relation to nutrient intake, place of consumption, education and body weight in a sample of adults from 10 European countries. Methods: A 24-h dietary recall interview was conducted on 13 025 men and 23 009 women, aged 35-74 years, from 27 centres participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Means and standard errors of alcohol consumption, adjusted for age, were calculated, stratified by gender and centre. Results: In many centres, higher level drinkers (males consuming 424 g of ethanol/day, equivalent to 42 standard drinks and females consuming 412 g of ethanol/day equivalent to 41 standard drink) obtained more energy from fat and protein and less from sugar than did abstainers. The proportion of energy from starch tended to be higher for male and lower for female higher level drinkers than for abstainers. Female higher level drinkers had a lower body mass index than did abstainers, whereas male higher level drinkers generally weighed more. Male higher level drinkers were less educated than abstainers in Mediterranean countries, but were more educated elsewhere. Female higher level drinkers were usually more educated than were abstainers. Outside the home, consumption (both genders) tended to be at friends' homes, particularly among men in Northern and Central Europe, and in bars in Spain. Conclusions: This study reveals clear geographical differences in drinking habits across Europe, and shows that the characteristics of different alcohol consumption categories also vary. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2009) 63, S81-S100; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.76},
  author       = {Sieri, S. and Krogh, V. and Saieva, C. and Grobbee, D. E. and Bergmann, M. and Rohrmann, S. and Tjonneland, A. and Ferrari, P. and Chloptsios, Y. and Dilis, V. and Jenab, M. and Linseisen, J. and Wallström, Peter and Johansson, I. and Chirlaque, M. D. and Sanchez, M. J. and Niravong, M. and Clavel-Chapelon, F. and Welch, A. A. and Allen, N. E. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. and van der Schouw, Y. T. and Sacerdote, C. and Panico, S. and Parr, C. L. and Braaten, T. and Olsen, A. and Jensen, M. K. and Bingham, S. and Riboli, E. and Slimani, N.},
  issn         = {1476-5640},
  keyword      = {EPIC-Soft,24-h dietary recall,Alcohol,EPIC,ENDB},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4s},
  pages        = {81--100},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {European Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
  title        = {Alcohol consumption patterns, diet and body weight in 10 European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2009.76},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2009},
}