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Dietary patterns among older Europeans: the EPIC-Elderly study

Bamia, C; Orfanos, P; Ferrari, P; Overvad, K; Hundborg, HH; Tjonneland, A; Olsen, A; Kesse, E; Boutron-Ruault, MC and Clavel-Chapelon, F, et al. (2005) In British Journal of Nutrition 94(1). p.100-113
Abstract
Overall dietary patterns have been associated with health and longevity. We used principal component (PC) and cluster analyses to identify the prevailing dietary patterns of 99 744 participants, aged 60 years or older, living in nine European countries and participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Elderly cohort) and to examine their socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates. Two PC were identified: PC1 reflects a 'vegetable-based' diet with an emphasis on foods of plant origin, rice, pasta and other grain rather than on margarine, potatoes and non-alcoholic beverages. PC2 indicates a 'sweet- and fat-dominated' diet with a preference for sweets, added fat and dairy products but not meat,... (More)
Overall dietary patterns have been associated with health and longevity. We used principal component (PC) and cluster analyses to identify the prevailing dietary patterns of 99 744 participants, aged 60 years or older, living in nine European countries and participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Elderly cohort) and to examine their socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates. Two PC were identified: PC1 reflects a 'vegetable-based' diet with an emphasis on foods of plant origin, rice, pasta and other grain rather than on margarine, potatoes and non-alcoholic beverages. PC2 indicates a 'sweet- and fat-dominated' diet with a preference for sweets, added fat and dairy products but not meat, alcohol, bread and eggs. PC1 was associated with a younger age, a higher level of education, physical activity, a higher BMI, a lower waist:hip ratio and never and past smoking. PC2 was associated with older age, less education, never having smoked, a lower BMI and waist:hip ratio and lower levels of physical activity. Elderly individuals in southern Europe scored positively on PC1 and about zero on PC2, whereas the elderly in northern Europe scored negatively on PC1 and variably on PC2. The results of cluster analysis were compatible with the indicated dietary patterns. 'Vegetable-based' and a 'sweet- and fat-dominated' diets are prevalent among the elderly across Europe, and there is a north-south gradient regarding their dietary choices. Our study contributes to the identification of groups of elderly who are likely to have different prospects for long-term disease occurrence and survival. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
dietary patterns, elderly, cohort study
in
British Journal of Nutrition
volume
94
issue
1
pages
100 - 113
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000231356000014
  • pmid:16115339
  • scopus:25444528254
ISSN
1475-2662
DOI
10.1079/BJN20051456
language
English
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yes
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3af18641-a0e9-43d7-bcce-917ff41d4e12 (old id 227006)
date added to LUP
2007-08-08 13:33:32
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2017-11-19 03:29:03
@article{3af18641-a0e9-43d7-bcce-917ff41d4e12,
  abstract     = {Overall dietary patterns have been associated with health and longevity. We used principal component (PC) and cluster analyses to identify the prevailing dietary patterns of 99 744 participants, aged 60 years or older, living in nine European countries and participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Elderly cohort) and to examine their socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates. Two PC were identified: PC1 reflects a 'vegetable-based' diet with an emphasis on foods of plant origin, rice, pasta and other grain rather than on margarine, potatoes and non-alcoholic beverages. PC2 indicates a 'sweet- and fat-dominated' diet with a preference for sweets, added fat and dairy products but not meat, alcohol, bread and eggs. PC1 was associated with a younger age, a higher level of education, physical activity, a higher BMI, a lower waist:hip ratio and never and past smoking. PC2 was associated with older age, less education, never having smoked, a lower BMI and waist:hip ratio and lower levels of physical activity. Elderly individuals in southern Europe scored positively on PC1 and about zero on PC2, whereas the elderly in northern Europe scored negatively on PC1 and variably on PC2. The results of cluster analysis were compatible with the indicated dietary patterns. 'Vegetable-based' and a 'sweet- and fat-dominated' diets are prevalent among the elderly across Europe, and there is a north-south gradient regarding their dietary choices. Our study contributes to the identification of groups of elderly who are likely to have different prospects for long-term disease occurrence and survival.},
  author       = {Bamia, C and Orfanos, P and Ferrari, P and Overvad, K and Hundborg, HH and Tjonneland, A and Olsen, A and Kesse, E and Boutron-Ruault, MC and Clavel-Chapelon, F and Nagel, G and Boffetta, P and Boeing, H and Hoffmann, K and Trichopoulos, D and Baibas, N and Psaltopoulou, T and Norat, T and Slimani, N and Palli, D and Krogh, V and Panico, S and Tumino, R and Sacerdote, C and Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB and Ocke, MC and Peeters, PH and van Rossum, CT and Quiros, JR and Sanchez, MJ and Navarro, C and Barricarte, A and Dorronsoro, M and Berglund, Göran and Wirfält, Elisabet and Hallmans, G and Johansson, I and Bingham, S and Khaw, KT and Spencer, EA and Roddam, AW and Riboli, E and Trichopoulou, A},
  issn         = {1475-2662},
  keyword      = {dietary patterns,elderly,cohort study},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {100--113},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {British Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Dietary patterns among older Europeans: the EPIC-Elderly study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN20051456},
  volume       = {94},
  year         = {2005},
}