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Estimated dietary intakes of flavonols, flavanones and flavones in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) 24 hour dietary recall cohort

Zamora-Ros, Raul; Knaze, Viktoria; Lujan-Barroso, Leila; Slimani, Nadia; Romieu, Isabelle; Fedirko, Veronika; de Magistris, Maria Santucci; Ericson, Ulrica; Amiano, Pilar and Trichopoulou, Antonia, et al. (2011) In British Journal of Nutrition 106(12). p.1915-1925
Abstract
Flavonols, flavanones and flavones (FLAV) are sub-classes of flavonoids that exert cardioprotective and anti-carcinogenic properties in vitro and in vivo. We aimed to estimate the FLAV dietary intake, their food sources and associated lifestyle factors in ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. FLAV intake and their food sources for 36 037 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in twenty-seven study centres were obtained using standardised 24 h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). An ad hoc food composition database on FLAV was compiled using data from US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and was expanded using recipes, estimations and... (More)
Flavonols, flavanones and flavones (FLAV) are sub-classes of flavonoids that exert cardioprotective and anti-carcinogenic properties in vitro and in vivo. We aimed to estimate the FLAV dietary intake, their food sources and associated lifestyle factors in ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. FLAV intake and their food sources for 36 037 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in twenty-seven study centres were obtained using standardised 24 h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). An ad hoc food composition database on FLAV was compiled using data from US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and was expanded using recipes, estimations and flavonoid retention factors in order to increase its correspondence with the 24 h dietary recall. Our results showed that the highest FLAV-consuming centre was the UK health-conscious group, with 130.9 and 97.0 mg/d for men and women, respectively. The lowest FLAV intakes were 36.8 mg/d in men from Umea and 37.2 mg/d in women from Malmo (Sweden). The flavanone sub-class was the main contributor to the total FLAV intake ranging from 46.6 to 52.9% depending on the region. Flavonols ranged from 38.5 to 47.3% and flavones from 5.8 to 8.6%. FLAV intake was higher in women, non-smokers, increased with level of education and physical activity. The major food sources were citrus fruits and citrus-based juices (especially for flavanones), tea, wine, other fruits and some vegetables. We concluded that the present study shows heterogeneity in intake of these three sub-classes of flavonoids across European regions and highlights differences by sex and other sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. (Less)
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keywords
Flavonols, Flavones, Flavanones, EPIC-Europe
in
British Journal of Nutrition
volume
106
issue
12
pages
1915 - 1925
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000298111400016
  • scopus:82555202310
ISSN
1475-2662
DOI
10.1017/S000711451100239X
language
English
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yes
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39919bc9-eed6-4bb3-be50-ef94a952df22 (old id 2348543)
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2012-03-01 11:21:45
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@article{39919bc9-eed6-4bb3-be50-ef94a952df22,
  abstract     = {Flavonols, flavanones and flavones (FLAV) are sub-classes of flavonoids that exert cardioprotective and anti-carcinogenic properties in vitro and in vivo. We aimed to estimate the FLAV dietary intake, their food sources and associated lifestyle factors in ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. FLAV intake and their food sources for 36 037 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in twenty-seven study centres were obtained using standardised 24 h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). An ad hoc food composition database on FLAV was compiled using data from US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and was expanded using recipes, estimations and flavonoid retention factors in order to increase its correspondence with the 24 h dietary recall. Our results showed that the highest FLAV-consuming centre was the UK health-conscious group, with 130.9 and 97.0 mg/d for men and women, respectively. The lowest FLAV intakes were 36.8 mg/d in men from Umea and 37.2 mg/d in women from Malmo (Sweden). The flavanone sub-class was the main contributor to the total FLAV intake ranging from 46.6 to 52.9% depending on the region. Flavonols ranged from 38.5 to 47.3% and flavones from 5.8 to 8.6%. FLAV intake was higher in women, non-smokers, increased with level of education and physical activity. The major food sources were citrus fruits and citrus-based juices (especially for flavanones), tea, wine, other fruits and some vegetables. We concluded that the present study shows heterogeneity in intake of these three sub-classes of flavonoids across European regions and highlights differences by sex and other sociodemographic and lifestyle factors.},
  author       = {Zamora-Ros, Raul and Knaze, Viktoria and Lujan-Barroso, Leila and Slimani, Nadia and Romieu, Isabelle and Fedirko, Veronika and de Magistris, Maria Santucci and Ericson, Ulrica and Amiano, Pilar and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Dilis, Vardis and Naska, Androniki and Engeset, Dagrun and Skeie, Guri and Cassidy, Aedin and Overvad, Kim and Peeters, Petra H. M. and Maria Huerta, Jose and Sanchez, Maria-Jose and Ramon Quiros, J. and Sacerdote, Carlotta and Grioni, Sara and Tumino, Rosario and Johansson, Gerd and Johansson, Ingegerd and Drake, Isabel and Crowe, Francesca L. and Barricarte, Aurelio and Kaaks, Rudolf and Teucher, Birgit and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas and van Rossum, Caroline T. M. and Norat, Teresa and Romaguera, Dora and Vergnaud, Anne-Claire and Tjonneland, Anne and Halkjaer, Jytte and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Touillaud, Marina and Salvini, Simonetta and Khaw, Kay-Thee and Wareham, Nicholas and Boeing, Heiner and Foerster, Jana and Riboli, Elio and Gonzalez, Carlos A.},
  issn         = {1475-2662},
  keyword      = {Flavonols,Flavones,Flavanones,EPIC-Europe},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1915--1925},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {British Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Estimated dietary intakes of flavonols, flavanones and flavones in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) 24 hour dietary recall cohort},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451100239X},
  volume       = {106},
  year         = {2011},
}