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Intake estimation of total and individual flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins and theaflavins, their food sources and determinants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study

Knaze, Viktoria; Zamora-Ros, Raul; Lujan-Barroso, Leila; Romieu, Isabelle; Scalbert, Augustin; Slimani, Nadia; Riboli, Elio; van Rossum, Caroline T. M.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas and Trichopoulou, Antonia, et al. (2012) In British Journal of Nutrition 108(6). p.1095-1108
Abstract
Epidemiological studies suggest health-protective effects of flavan-3-ols and their derived compounds on chronic diseases. The present study aimed to estimate dietary flavan-3-ol, proanthocyanidin (PA) and theaflavin intakes, their food sources and potential determinants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration cohort. Dietary data were collected using a standardised 24 h dietary recall software administered to 36 037 subjects aged 35-74 years. Dietary data were linked with a flavanoid food composition database compiled from the latest US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and expanded to include recipes, estimations and retention factors. Total flavan-3-ol intake was the... (More)
Epidemiological studies suggest health-protective effects of flavan-3-ols and their derived compounds on chronic diseases. The present study aimed to estimate dietary flavan-3-ol, proanthocyanidin (PA) and theaflavin intakes, their food sources and potential determinants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration cohort. Dietary data were collected using a standardised 24 h dietary recall software administered to 36 037 subjects aged 35-74 years. Dietary data were linked with a flavanoid food composition database compiled from the latest US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and expanded to include recipes, estimations and retention factors. Total flavan-3-ol intake was the highest in UK Health-conscious men (453.6 mg/d) and women of UK General population (377.6 mg/d), while the intake was the lowest in Greece (men: 160.5 mg/d; women: 124.8 mg/d). Monomer intake was the highest in UK General population (men: 213.5 mg/d; women: 178.6 mg/d) and the lowest in Greece (men: 26.6 mg/d in men; women: 20.7 mg/d). Theaflavin intake was the highest in UK General population (men: 29.3 mg/d; women: 25.3 mg/d) and close to zero in Greece and Spain. PA intake was the highest in Asturias (men: 455.2 mg/d) and San Sebastian (women: 253 mg/d), while being the lowest in Greece (men: 134.6 mg/d; women: 101.0 mg/d). Except for the UK, non-citrus fruits (apples/pears) were the highest contributors to the total flavan-3-ol intake. Tea was the main contributor of total flavan-3-ols in the UK. Flavan-3-ol, PA and theaflavin intakes were significantly different among all assessed groups. This study showed heterogeneity in flavan-3-ol, PA and theaflavin intake throughout the EPIC countries. (Less)
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keywords
Flavan-3-ols, Proanthocyanidins, Theaflavins, Intake, European, Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Europe
in
British Journal of Nutrition
volume
108
issue
6
pages
1095 - 1108
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000308583400018
  • scopus:84866130599
ISSN
1475-2662
DOI
10.1017/S0007114511006386
language
English
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036d258b-d714-48cc-b7df-d7d478661183 (old id 3135977)
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2012-11-01 16:26:55
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2017-11-05 03:16:01
@article{036d258b-d714-48cc-b7df-d7d478661183,
  abstract     = {Epidemiological studies suggest health-protective effects of flavan-3-ols and their derived compounds on chronic diseases. The present study aimed to estimate dietary flavan-3-ol, proanthocyanidin (PA) and theaflavin intakes, their food sources and potential determinants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration cohort. Dietary data were collected using a standardised 24 h dietary recall software administered to 36 037 subjects aged 35-74 years. Dietary data were linked with a flavanoid food composition database compiled from the latest US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and expanded to include recipes, estimations and retention factors. Total flavan-3-ol intake was the highest in UK Health-conscious men (453.6 mg/d) and women of UK General population (377.6 mg/d), while the intake was the lowest in Greece (men: 160.5 mg/d; women: 124.8 mg/d). Monomer intake was the highest in UK General population (men: 213.5 mg/d; women: 178.6 mg/d) and the lowest in Greece (men: 26.6 mg/d in men; women: 20.7 mg/d). Theaflavin intake was the highest in UK General population (men: 29.3 mg/d; women: 25.3 mg/d) and close to zero in Greece and Spain. PA intake was the highest in Asturias (men: 455.2 mg/d) and San Sebastian (women: 253 mg/d), while being the lowest in Greece (men: 134.6 mg/d; women: 101.0 mg/d). Except for the UK, non-citrus fruits (apples/pears) were the highest contributors to the total flavan-3-ol intake. Tea was the main contributor of total flavan-3-ols in the UK. Flavan-3-ol, PA and theaflavin intakes were significantly different among all assessed groups. This study showed heterogeneity in flavan-3-ol, PA and theaflavin intake throughout the EPIC countries.},
  author       = {Knaze, Viktoria and Zamora-Ros, Raul and Lujan-Barroso, Leila and Romieu, Isabelle and Scalbert, Augustin and Slimani, Nadia and Riboli, Elio and van Rossum, Caroline T. M. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Dilis, Vardis and Tsiotas, Konstantinos and Skeie, Guri and Engeset, Dagrun and Ramon Quiros, J. and Molina, Esther and Maria Huerta, Jose and Crowe, Francesca and Wirfält, Elisabet and Ericson, Ulrika and Peeters, Petra H. M. and Kaaks, Rudolf and Teucher, Birgit and Johansson, Gerd and Johansson, Ingegerd and Tumino, Rosario and Boeing, Heiner and Drogan, Dagmar and Amiano, Pilar and Mattiello, Amalia and Khaw, Kay-Tee and Luben, Robert and Krogh, Vittorio and Ardanaz, Eva and Sacerdote, Carlotta and Salvini, Simonetta and Overvad, Kim and Tjonneland, Anne and Olsen, Anja and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Fagherazzi, Guy and Perquier, Florence and Gonzalez, Carlos A.},
  issn         = {1475-2662},
  keyword      = {Flavan-3-ols,Proanthocyanidins,Theaflavins,Intake,European,Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Europe},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1095--1108},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {British Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Intake estimation of total and individual flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins and theaflavins, their food sources and determinants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511006386},
  volume       = {108},
  year         = {2012},
}