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Comparison of standardised dietary folate intake across ten countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Park, Jin Young; Nicolas, Genevieve; Freisling, Heinz; Biessy, Carine; Scalbert, Augustin; Romieu, Isabelle; Chajes, Veronique; Chuang, Shu-Chun; Ericson, Ulrika LU and Wallström, Peter LU , et al. (2012) In British Journal of Nutrition 108(3). p.552-569
Abstract
Folate plays an important role in the synthesis and methylation of DNA as a cofactor in one-carbon metabolism. Inadequate folate intake has been linked to adverse health events. However, comparable information on dietary folate intake across European countries has never been reported. The objective of the present study was to describe the dietary folate intake and its food sources in ten countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 36 034 participants (aged 35-74 years) who completed a single 24 h dietary recall using a computerised interview software program, EPIC-Soft (R) (International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon). Dietary folate intake... (More)
Folate plays an important role in the synthesis and methylation of DNA as a cofactor in one-carbon metabolism. Inadequate folate intake has been linked to adverse health events. However, comparable information on dietary folate intake across European countries has never been reported. The objective of the present study was to describe the dietary folate intake and its food sources in ten countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 36 034 participants (aged 35-74 years) who completed a single 24 h dietary recall using a computerised interview software program, EPIC-Soft (R) (International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon). Dietary folate intake was estimated using the standardised EPIC Nutrient DataBase, adjusted for age, energy intake, weight and height and weighted by season and day of recall. Adjusted mean dietary folate intake in most centres ranged from 250 to 350 mu g/d in men and 200 to 300 mu g/d in women. Folate intake tended to be lower among current smokers and heavier alcohol drinkers and to increase with educational level, especially in women. Supplement users (any types) were likely to report higher dietary folate intake in most centres. Vegetables, cereals and fruits, nuts and seeds were the main contributors to folate intake. Nonetheless, the type and pattern of consumption of these main food items varied across the centres. These first comparisons of standardised dietary folate intakes across different European populations show moderate regional differences (except the UK health conscious group), and variation by sex, educational level, smoking and alcohol-drinking status, and supplement use. (Less)
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@article{3139574a-ac25-4d66-8af9-de899a86e23b,
  abstract     = {Folate plays an important role in the synthesis and methylation of DNA as a cofactor in one-carbon metabolism. Inadequate folate intake has been linked to adverse health events. However, comparable information on dietary folate intake across European countries has never been reported. The objective of the present study was to describe the dietary folate intake and its food sources in ten countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 36 034 participants (aged 35-74 years) who completed a single 24 h dietary recall using a computerised interview software program, EPIC-Soft (R) (International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon). Dietary folate intake was estimated using the standardised EPIC Nutrient DataBase, adjusted for age, energy intake, weight and height and weighted by season and day of recall. Adjusted mean dietary folate intake in most centres ranged from 250 to 350 mu g/d in men and 200 to 300 mu g/d in women. Folate intake tended to be lower among current smokers and heavier alcohol drinkers and to increase with educational level, especially in women. Supplement users (any types) were likely to report higher dietary folate intake in most centres. Vegetables, cereals and fruits, nuts and seeds were the main contributors to folate intake. Nonetheless, the type and pattern of consumption of these main food items varied across the centres. These first comparisons of standardised dietary folate intakes across different European populations show moderate regional differences (except the UK health conscious group), and variation by sex, educational level, smoking and alcohol-drinking status, and supplement use.},
  author       = {Park, Jin Young and Nicolas, Genevieve and Freisling, Heinz and Biessy, Carine and Scalbert, Augustin and Romieu, Isabelle and Chajes, Veronique and Chuang, Shu-Chun and Ericson, Ulrika and Wallström, Peter and Ros, Martine M. and Peeters, Petra H. M. and Mattiello, Amalia and Palli, Domenico and Maria Huerta, Jose and Amiano, Pilar and Halkjaer, Jytte and Dahm, Christina C. and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Orfanos, Philippos and Teucher, Birgit and Feller, Silke and Skeie, Guri and Engeset, Dagrun and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Crowe, Francesca and Khaw, Kay-Tee and Vineis, Paolo and Slimani, Nadia},
  issn         = {1475-2662},
  keyword      = {Dietary folate intake,24 h Dietary recall,European Prospective,Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition,EPIC-Soft (R),Europe},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {552--569},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {British Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Comparison of standardised dietary folate intake across ten countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511005733},
  volume       = {108},
  year         = {2012},
}