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Towards eye tracking as a support tool for pilot training and assessment

Niehorster, Diederick C. LU ; Hildebrandt, Michael ; Smoker, Anthony LU ; Jarodzka, Halszka and Dahlström, Nicklas LU (2020) ETAVI 2020 p.17-28
Abstract

A key challenge in pilot training and performance assessment is the lack of insight into pilot visual behavior. Without this, it is difficult for an instructor to assess, e.g., whether pilots fail because they did not monitor the instruments or because they did not act on them, and whether pilots comply with monitoring aspects of the Standard Operating Procedures. Eye tracking provides the opportunity to measure where and how pilots look, thus offering an important window into pilot behavior that can address this challenge. An open question however is how to effectively present information about pilot gaze behavior to the instructor, such that it can be used to better guide trainees and improve performance and safety. In this paper, we... (More)

A key challenge in pilot training and performance assessment is the lack of insight into pilot visual behavior. Without this, it is difficult for an instructor to assess, e.g., whether pilots fail because they did not monitor the instruments or because they did not act on them, and whether pilots comply with monitoring aspects of the Standard Operating Procedures. Eye tracking provides the opportunity to measure where and how pilots look, thus offering an important window into pilot behavior that can address this challenge. An open question however is how to effectively present information about pilot gaze behavior to the instructor, such that it can be used to better guide trainees and improve performance and safety. In this paper, we review existing eye-tracking displays, set out a series of design principles for effective eye-tracking data visualization and propose example application areas for eye-tracking data visualization.

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author
; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Eye tracking, visual behavior, gaze, performance, aviation, safety, training, assessment
host publication
Eye-Tracking in Aviation : Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop (ETAVI 2020) - Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop (ETAVI 2020)
editor
Peysakhovich, Vsevolod and Rudi, David
article number
2
pages
17 - 28
publisher
ISAE-SUPAERO, Université de Toulouse; Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation (IKG), ETH Zurich
conference name
ETAVI 2020
conference location
Toulouse, France
conference dates
2020-03-17 - 2020-03-17
DOI
10.3929/ethz-b-000407625
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7e016d75-1790-4d4e-a1d3-ab3bac50635d
date added to LUP
2020-04-15 18:55:15
date last changed
2020-04-24 02:33:14
@inproceedings{7e016d75-1790-4d4e-a1d3-ab3bac50635d,
  abstract     = {<p>A key challenge in pilot training and performance assessment is the lack of insight into pilot visual behavior. Without this, it is difficult for an instructor to assess, e.g., whether pilots fail because they did not monitor the instruments or because they did not act on them, and whether pilots comply with monitoring aspects of the Standard Operating Procedures. Eye tracking provides the opportunity to measure where and how pilots look, thus offering an important window into pilot behavior that can address this challenge. An open question however is how to effectively present information about pilot gaze behavior to the instructor, such that it can be used to better guide trainees and improve performance and safety. In this paper, we review existing eye-tracking displays, set out a series of design principles for effective eye-tracking data visualization and propose example application areas for eye-tracking data visualization.</p>},
  author       = {Niehorster, Diederick C. and Hildebrandt, Michael and Smoker, Anthony and Jarodzka, Halszka and Dahlström, Nicklas},
  booktitle    = {Eye-Tracking in Aviation : Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop (ETAVI 2020)},
  editor       = {Peysakhovich, Vsevolod and Rudi, David},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  pages        = {17--28},
  publisher    = {ISAE-SUPAERO, Université de Toulouse; Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation (IKG), ETH Zurich},
  title        = {Towards eye tracking as a support tool for pilot training and assessment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000407625},
  doi          = {10.3929/ethz-b-000407625},
  year         = {2020},
}