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Nut intake and 5-year changes in body weight and obesity risk in adults : results from the EPIC-PANACEA study

Freisling, Heinz; Noh, Hwayoung; Slimani, Nadia; Chajès, Véronique; May, Anne M; Peeters, Petra H; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Cross, Amanda J; Skeie, Guri and Jenab, Mazda, et al. (2017) In European Journal of Nutrition p.1-10
Abstract

Purpose: There is inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between higher intake of nuts, being an energy-dense food, and weight gain. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and changes in weight over 5 years. Methods: This study includes 373,293 men and women, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 from 10 European countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Habitual intake of nuts including peanuts, together defined as nut intake, was estimated from country-specific validated dietary questionnaires. Body weight was measured at recruitment and self-reported 5 years later. The association between nut intake and body weight change was estimated using... (More)

Purpose: There is inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between higher intake of nuts, being an energy-dense food, and weight gain. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and changes in weight over 5 years. Methods: This study includes 373,293 men and women, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 from 10 European countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Habitual intake of nuts including peanuts, together defined as nut intake, was estimated from country-specific validated dietary questionnaires. Body weight was measured at recruitment and self-reported 5 years later. The association between nut intake and body weight change was estimated using multilevel mixed linear regression models with center/country as random effect and nut intake and relevant confounders as fixed effects. The relative risk (RR) of becoming overweight or obese after 5 years was investigated using multivariate Poisson regressions stratified according to baseline body mass index (BMI). Results: On average, study participants gained 2.1 kg (SD 5.0 kg) over 5 years. Compared to non-consumers, subjects in the highest quartile of nut intake had less weight gain over 5 years (−0.07 kg; 95% CI −0.12 to −0.02) (P trend = 0.025) and had 5% lower risk of becoming overweight (RR 0.95; 95% CI 0.92–0.98) or obese (RR 0.95; 95% CI 0.90–0.99) (both P trend <0.008). Conclusions: Higher intake of nuts is associated with reduced weight gain and a lower risk of becoming overweight or obese.

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published
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keywords
Adults, Energy balance, Europe, Nut intake, Obesity, Weight gain
in
European Journal of Nutrition
pages
10 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85025448370
ISSN
1436-6207
DOI
10.1007/s00394-017-1513-0
language
English
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yes
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ae41daaa-3dca-4d1b-97e7-2560099022d2
date added to LUP
2017-08-25 14:41:20
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2017-08-26 03:00:03
@article{ae41daaa-3dca-4d1b-97e7-2560099022d2,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: There is inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between higher intake of nuts, being an energy-dense food, and weight gain. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and changes in weight over 5 years. Methods: This study includes 373,293 men and women, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 from 10 European countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Habitual intake of nuts including peanuts, together defined as nut intake, was estimated from country-specific validated dietary questionnaires. Body weight was measured at recruitment and self-reported 5 years later. The association between nut intake and body weight change was estimated using multilevel mixed linear regression models with center/country as random effect and nut intake and relevant confounders as fixed effects. The relative risk (RR) of becoming overweight or obese after 5 years was investigated using multivariate Poisson regressions stratified according to baseline body mass index (BMI). Results: On average, study participants gained 2.1 kg (SD 5.0 kg) over 5 years. Compared to non-consumers, subjects in the highest quartile of nut intake had less weight gain over 5 years (−0.07 kg; 95% CI −0.12 to −0.02) (P trend = 0.025) and had 5% lower risk of becoming overweight (RR 0.95; 95% CI 0.92–0.98) or obese (RR 0.95; 95% CI 0.90–0.99) (both P trend &lt;0.008). Conclusions: Higher intake of nuts is associated with reduced weight gain and a lower risk of becoming overweight or obese.</p>},
  author       = {Freisling, Heinz and Noh, Hwayoung and Slimani, Nadia and Chajès, Véronique and May, Anne M and Peeters, Petra H and Weiderpass, Elisabete and Cross, Amanda J and Skeie, Guri and Jenab, Mazda and Mancini, Francesca Romana and Boutron-Ruault,, Marie-Christine and Fagherazzi, Guy and Katzke, Verena A. and Kühn, Tilman and Steffen, Annika and Boeing, Heiner and Tjønneland, Anne and Kyrø, Cecilie and Hansen, Camilla P and Overvad, Kim and Duell, Eric J. and Redondo-Sánchez, Daniel and Amiano, Pilar and Navarro, Carmen and Barricarte, Aurelio and Perez-Cornago, Aurora and Tsilidis, Konstantinos K and Aune, Dagfinn and Ward, Heather and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Naska, Androniki and Orfanos, Philippos and Masala, Giovanna and Agnoli, Claudia and Berrino, Franco and Tumino, Rosario and Sacerdote, Carlotta and Mattiello, Amalia and Bueno-De-Mesquita, Bas H. and Ericson, Ulrika and Sonestedt, Emily and Winkvist, Anna and Braaten, Tonje and Romieu, Isabelle and Sabaté, Joan},
  issn         = {1436-6207},
  keyword      = {Adults,Energy balance,Europe,Nut intake,Obesity,Weight gain},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {1--10},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Nut intake and 5-year changes in body weight and obesity risk in adults : results from the EPIC-PANACEA study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-017-1513-0},
  year         = {2017},
}