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Timing of eating across ten European countries - Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study

Huseinovic, Ena; Winkvist, Anna; Freisling, Heinz; Slimani, Nadia; Boeing, Heiner; Buckland, Genevieve; Schwingshackl, Lukas; Olsen, Anja; Tjønneland, Anne and Stepien, Magdalena, et al. (2018) In Public Health Nutrition
Abstract

ObjectiveTo examine timing of eating across ten European countries.DesignCross-sectional analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study using standardized 24 h diet recalls collected during 1995-2000. Eleven predefined food consumption occasions were assessed during the recall interview. We present time of consumption of meals and snacks as well as the later:earlier energy intake ratio, with earlier and later intakes defined as 06.00-14.00 and 15.00-24.00 hours, respectively. Type III tests were used to examine associations of sociodemographic, lifestyle and health variables with timing of energy intake.SettingTen Western European countries.SubjectsIn total, 22 985 women and 13 035... (More)

ObjectiveTo examine timing of eating across ten European countries.DesignCross-sectional analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study using standardized 24 h diet recalls collected during 1995-2000. Eleven predefined food consumption occasions were assessed during the recall interview. We present time of consumption of meals and snacks as well as the later:earlier energy intake ratio, with earlier and later intakes defined as 06.00-14.00 and 15.00-24.00 hours, respectively. Type III tests were used to examine associations of sociodemographic, lifestyle and health variables with timing of energy intake.SettingTen Western European countries.SubjectsIn total, 22 985 women and 13 035 men aged 35-74 years (n 36 020).ResultsA south-north gradient was observed for timing of eating, with later consumption of meals and snacks in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries. However, the energy load was reversed, with the later:earlier energy intake ratio ranging from 0·68 (France) to 1·39 (Norway) among women, and from 0·71 (Greece) to 1·35 (the Netherlands) among men. Among women, country, age, education, marital status, smoking, day of recall and season were all independently associated with timing of energy intake (all P<0·05). Among men, the corresponding variables were country, age, education, smoking, physical activity, BMI and day of recall (all P<0·05).ConclusionsWe found pronounced differences in timing of eating across Europe, with later meal timetables but greater energy load earlier during the day in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries.

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keywords
24 h diet recall, Chrono-nutrition, Diurnal eating, EPIC, Meal patterns, Meals, Snacks, Standardization
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Public Health Nutrition
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85055484249
ISSN
1368-9800
DOI
10.1017/S1368980018002288
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English
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yes
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125bd747-7b45-470a-8bc5-29bc25091c79
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2018-12-07 14:58:02
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2019-01-06 14:19:16
@article{125bd747-7b45-470a-8bc5-29bc25091c79,
  abstract     = {<p>ObjectiveTo examine timing of eating across ten European countries.DesignCross-sectional analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study using standardized 24 h diet recalls collected during 1995-2000. Eleven predefined food consumption occasions were assessed during the recall interview. We present time of consumption of meals and snacks as well as the later:earlier energy intake ratio, with earlier and later intakes defined as 06.00-14.00 and 15.00-24.00 hours, respectively. Type III tests were used to examine associations of sociodemographic, lifestyle and health variables with timing of energy intake.SettingTen Western European countries.SubjectsIn total, 22 985 women and 13 035 men aged 35-74 years (n 36 020).ResultsA south-north gradient was observed for timing of eating, with later consumption of meals and snacks in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries. However, the energy load was reversed, with the later:earlier energy intake ratio ranging from 0·68 (France) to 1·39 (Norway) among women, and from 0·71 (Greece) to 1·35 (the Netherlands) among men. Among women, country, age, education, marital status, smoking, day of recall and season were all independently associated with timing of energy intake (all P&lt;0·05). Among men, the corresponding variables were country, age, education, smoking, physical activity, BMI and day of recall (all P&lt;0·05).ConclusionsWe found pronounced differences in timing of eating across Europe, with later meal timetables but greater energy load earlier during the day in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries.</p>},
  author       = {Huseinovic, Ena and Winkvist, Anna and Freisling, Heinz and Slimani, Nadia and Boeing, Heiner and Buckland, Genevieve and Schwingshackl, Lukas and Olsen, Anja and Tjønneland, Anne and Stepien, Magdalena and Boutron-Ruault, Marie Christine and Mancini, Francesca and Artaud, Fanny and Kühn, Tilman and Katzke, Verena and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Naska, Androniki and Orfanos, Philippos and Tumino, Rosario and Masala, Giovanna and Krogh, Vittorio and Santucci De Magistris, Maria and Ocké, Marga C. and Brustad, Magritt and Jensen, Torill Enget and Skeie, Guri and Rodríguez-Barranco, Miguel and Huerta, José María and Ardanaz, Eva and Quirós, José Ramón and Jakszyn, Paula and Sonestedt, Emily and Ericson, Ulrika and Wennberg, Maria and Key, Timothy J. and Aune, Dagfinn and Riboli, Elio and Weiderpass, Elisabete and Bertéus Forslund, Heléne},
  issn         = {1368-9800},
  keyword      = {24 h diet recall,Chrono-nutrition,Diurnal eating,EPIC,Meal patterns,Meals,Snacks,Standardization},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Public Health Nutrition},
  title        = {Timing of eating across ten European countries - Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018002288},
  year         = {2018},
}