Advanced

Variation in intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium in 10 countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study

Welch, A. A.; Fransen, H.; Jenab, M.; Boutron-Ruault, M. C.; Tumino, R.; Agnoli, C.; Ericson, Ulrika LU ; Johansson, I.; Ferrari, P. and Engeset, D., et al. (2009) In European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 63(4s). p.101-121
Abstract
Background/objectives: Adequate mineral intake is important for the maintenance of bone health, cellular function and general metabolism, and possibly in the aetiology of cancer and other chronic diseases. This study aimed at investigating variation in intakes of selected minerals across 10 European countries participating in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) study. Methods: Nutrient intakes for 36 034 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in 27 centres were obtained using standardized 24-h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). Mean intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium were calculated by centre and weighted by season and day of the week and were also stratified by age group.... (More)
Background/objectives: Adequate mineral intake is important for the maintenance of bone health, cellular function and general metabolism, and possibly in the aetiology of cancer and other chronic diseases. This study aimed at investigating variation in intakes of selected minerals across 10 European countries participating in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) study. Methods: Nutrient intakes for 36 034 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in 27 centres were obtained using standardized 24-h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). Mean intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium were calculated by centre and weighted by season and day of the week and were also stratified by age group. The contribution of food groups to total nutrient intake was calculated. Results: There was clear geographical variability in intakes, with differences ranging from 35% for magnesium to 90% for iron in men and 36% for potassium to 75% for calcium in women, and a twofold difference in sources of haem iron (meat and fish). There was a geographical gradient in iron intake, with higher intakes in Southern than in Northern Europe and also around a twofold north-south gradient in the contribution of fruits and vegetables to potassium intake. Compared with reference intakes, the majority of age groups and centres had intakes above the recommended levels. Dairy foods and products contributed the most to calcium and phosphorus intake in almost all centres. Cereals and cereal products contributed the most to magnesium and iron intakes, except in Greece and Germany. Conclusions: Intakes of minerals vary substantially throughout Europe, with some geographical variability in their food sources. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2009) 63, S101-S121; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.77 (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, EPIC
in
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
volume
63
issue
4s
pages
101 - 121
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000271470400007
  • scopus:70450192944
ISSN
1476-5640
DOI
10.1038/ejcn.2009.77
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e0090fb5-acce-4d61-987f-2983a48b6178 (old id 1520416)
date added to LUP
2009-12-28 09:47:39
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:34:36
@article{e0090fb5-acce-4d61-987f-2983a48b6178,
  abstract     = {Background/objectives: Adequate mineral intake is important for the maintenance of bone health, cellular function and general metabolism, and possibly in the aetiology of cancer and other chronic diseases. This study aimed at investigating variation in intakes of selected minerals across 10 European countries participating in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) study. Methods: Nutrient intakes for 36 034 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in 27 centres were obtained using standardized 24-h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). Mean intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium were calculated by centre and weighted by season and day of the week and were also stratified by age group. The contribution of food groups to total nutrient intake was calculated. Results: There was clear geographical variability in intakes, with differences ranging from 35% for magnesium to 90% for iron in men and 36% for potassium to 75% for calcium in women, and a twofold difference in sources of haem iron (meat and fish). There was a geographical gradient in iron intake, with higher intakes in Southern than in Northern Europe and also around a twofold north-south gradient in the contribution of fruits and vegetables to potassium intake. Compared with reference intakes, the majority of age groups and centres had intakes above the recommended levels. Dairy foods and products contributed the most to calcium and phosphorus intake in almost all centres. Cereals and cereal products contributed the most to magnesium and iron intakes, except in Greece and Germany. Conclusions: Intakes of minerals vary substantially throughout Europe, with some geographical variability in their food sources. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2009) 63, S101-S121; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.77},
  author       = {Welch, A. A. and Fransen, H. and Jenab, M. and Boutron-Ruault, M. C. and Tumino, R. and Agnoli, C. and Ericson, Ulrika and Johansson, I. and Ferrari, P. and Engeset, D. and Lund, E. and Lentjes, M. and Key, T. and Touvier, M. and Niravong, M. and Larranaga, N. and Rodriguez, L. and Ocke, M. C. and Peeters, P. H. M. and Tjonneland, A. and Bjerregaard, L. and Vasilopoulou, E. and Dilis, V. and Linseisen, J. and Noethlings, U. and Riboli, E. and Slimani, N. and Bingham, S.},
  issn         = {1476-5640},
  keyword      = {iron,magnesium,calcium,phosphorus,potassium,EPIC},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4s},
  pages        = {101--121},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {European Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
  title        = {Variation in intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium in 10 countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2009.77},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2009},
}