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Dietary fat intake in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition: results from the 24-h dietary recalls

Linseisen, J.; Welch, A. A.; Ocke, M.; Amiano, P.; Agnoli, C.; Ferrari, P.; Sonestedt, Emily LU ; Chajes, V.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. and Kaaks, R., et al. (2009) In European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 63(4s). p.61-80
Abstract
Objectives: This paper describes the dietary intake of total fat, saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and cholesterol of participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) in 27 centres across 10 countries. Methods: Between 1995 and 2000, a stratified random sample of 36 034 participants (age range 35-74 years) completed a standardized 24-h dietary recall, assessed by means of the computer software EPIC-SOFT. Lipid intake data were calculated using a standardized nutrient database. Results: On average, the contribution of fat to total energy intake was >= 34% of energy intake (% en) in women and >= 36% en in men for most EPIC centres, except for the... (More)
Objectives: This paper describes the dietary intake of total fat, saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and cholesterol of participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) in 27 centres across 10 countries. Methods: Between 1995 and 2000, a stratified random sample of 36 034 participants (age range 35-74 years) completed a standardized 24-h dietary recall, assessed by means of the computer software EPIC-SOFT. Lipid intake data were calculated using a standardized nutrient database. Results: On average, the contribution of fat to total energy intake was >= 34% of energy intake (% en) in women and >= 36% en in men for most EPIC centres, except for the British, Dutch and most Italian cohorts. Total fat (> 40% en) and MUFA intakes (21% en, mainly from olive oil) were highest in Greece. Except for the Greek, Spanish and Italian centres, the average MUFA intake ranged between 10 and 13% en, with a high proportion derived from animal sources. SFA intake in women and men was lowest in the Greek, Spanish, Italian and UK cohorts with an average of <= 13% en (down to 9% en), and highest in the Swedish centres (16% en). The mean PUFA intake was in the range of 4-8% en, being highest in the UK health-conscious cohort. The average cholesterol intake across EPIC varied from 140 to 384 mg/d in women and 215-583 mg/d in men. Conclusions: The presented data show differences and similarities in lipid intake across the European EPIC cohorts and also show differences in food sources of dietary lipids. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2009) 63, S61-S80; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.75 (Less)
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published
subject
keywords
EPIC-Soft, lipids, dietary intake, EPIC, 24-h diet recalls, ENDB
in
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
volume
63
issue
4s
pages
61 - 80
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000271470400005
  • scopus:70450173008
ISSN
1476-5640
DOI
10.1038/ejcn.2009.75
language
English
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yes
id
de68fbbd-6bed-45da-9dbf-c23f550eebbe (old id 1520349)
date added to LUP
2009-12-28 10:01:49
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:23:19
@article{de68fbbd-6bed-45da-9dbf-c23f550eebbe,
  abstract     = {Objectives: This paper describes the dietary intake of total fat, saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and cholesterol of participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) in 27 centres across 10 countries. Methods: Between 1995 and 2000, a stratified random sample of 36 034 participants (age range 35-74 years) completed a standardized 24-h dietary recall, assessed by means of the computer software EPIC-SOFT. Lipid intake data were calculated using a standardized nutrient database. Results: On average, the contribution of fat to total energy intake was &gt;= 34% of energy intake (% en) in women and &gt;= 36% en in men for most EPIC centres, except for the British, Dutch and most Italian cohorts. Total fat (&gt; 40% en) and MUFA intakes (21% en, mainly from olive oil) were highest in Greece. Except for the Greek, Spanish and Italian centres, the average MUFA intake ranged between 10 and 13% en, with a high proportion derived from animal sources. SFA intake in women and men was lowest in the Greek, Spanish, Italian and UK cohorts with an average of &lt;= 13% en (down to 9% en), and highest in the Swedish centres (16% en). The mean PUFA intake was in the range of 4-8% en, being highest in the UK health-conscious cohort. The average cholesterol intake across EPIC varied from 140 to 384 mg/d in women and 215-583 mg/d in men. Conclusions: The presented data show differences and similarities in lipid intake across the European EPIC cohorts and also show differences in food sources of dietary lipids. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2009) 63, S61-S80; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.75},
  author       = {Linseisen, J. and Welch, A. A. and Ocke, M. and Amiano, P. and Agnoli, C. and Ferrari, P. and Sonestedt, Emily and Chajes, V. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. and Kaaks, R. and Weikert, C. and Dorronsoro, M. and Rodriguez, L. and Ermini, I. and Mattiello, A. and van der Schouw, Y. T. and Manjer, Jonas and Nilsson, S. and Jenab, M. and Lund, E. and Brustad, M. and Halkjaer, J. and Jakobsen, M. U. and Khaw, K. T. and Crowe, F. and Georgila, C. and Misirli, G. and Niravong, M. and Touvier, M. and Bingham, S. and Riboli, E. and Slimani, N.},
  issn         = {1476-5640},
  keyword      = {EPIC-Soft,lipids,dietary intake,EPIC,24-h diet recalls,ENDB},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4s},
  pages        = {61--80},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {European Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
  title        = {Dietary fat intake in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition: results from the 24-h dietary recalls},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2009.75},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2009},
}